Nukh: Ma- yajah-har.
The forefathers of Vaswanis dealt in Ma-yajah-har (Saccharum Munja) ( fiber of a flower sheaths, out of which soft rope is made), hence the Nukh name. They lived in Multan.
The Idnanis, Kirpalanis, Mirchandanis and Vaswanis left Multan and migrated to Khudabad. Those of them who joined the Government service were called Amils (Diwan) and those who set up shops to trade were called Bhaibunds.
Amongst these four above-mentioned families, you will find both Amils and Bhaibunds.
On reconstruction of Hyderabad (Naren Kot earlier), the first ones to arrive were Vaswani Bhaibunds who inhabited Mukti Ghitti. As families grew, they scattered out and inhabited other areas.
By the time the Vaswani Amils came, the other Amils who had come to Hyderabad much earlier had occupied the prime plots. The Vaswani Amils then sought plots in Dalwani and other Ghittis (streets). Some found plots at Navabad and in area around the market.
Amongst the prominent Vaswanis were: Rai Bahadur Diwan Teckchand Udhavdas’ family, Prof. Gobindram of D. J. Sind College, Mr. Dialmal Menghraj of the Indian Girls High School, Mr. Gobindram Balchand Asst. Engineer of Karachi Municipal Corp., Master Mulchand Manghomal, Prof. Motiram of Hiranand College of Commerce, Diwan Dharamdas Judge and Mr. Parsram Kundanmal Barrister.
Also prominent were Diwan Assumal of Navabad, his close cousins Dr. Parmanand, and his son Prof. Shamdas.
Amongst the Vaswanis, Sadhu Thawardas Lilaram Vaswani (T. L. Vaswani of Sadhu Vaswani Mission) had achieved the most and had published many Sindhi and English journals. Mira High school was founded by him.
In the year 1947 there were over sixty Bhaibund Vaswani households in Hyderabad. Diwan Bherumal M. Advani has in his volume ‘SIND JAY HINDUN JEE TAREEKH’ (History of Hindus in Sind) given illustration of a few families.
Rai Bahadur Seth Mohandas Menghraj was born around the year 1860. At the young age he worked on salary with his uncle Seth Tarachand Parsram in his jewelry shop at Bombay. Some time later Rai Bahadur Seth Mohandas became partner of the Bombay shop.
Seth Tarachand had branches at Calcutta, Rangoon and in Japan. At Calcutta his partners were Bhai Lilaram Dulhanomal and Bhai Issardas. After Bhai Lilaram Dulhanomal and Bhai Issardas separated from Bhai Tarachand, Rai Bahadur Seth Mohandas managed the Calcutta office and drew salary. After some time, Rai Bahadur Seth Mohandas became partner of all the branches of Bhai Tarachand.
While at Calcutta, Rai Bahadur Seth Mohandas made friends with Lord Minto and Lady Minto who frequently visited his shop. Lord Minto bestowed upon Seth Mohandas the title of ‘Rai Bahadur’.
Among others who frequented the shop were Amir Aman Allah of Kabul and the Royal Family of Nepal. Rai Bahadur Seth Mohandas had photographs taken with them.
Rai Bahadur Bhai Mohandas did not have any children. He wrote a Will and named Mukhi Gobindram Pritamdas, his cousin Seth Sirumal Nihalchand and his brother in law (wife’s brother) Seth Khushiram Hassomal Kirpalani as trustees.
According to Diwan Bherumal M. Advani, the estate of Rai Bahadur Seth Mohandas Menghraj was worth rupees six lacs. Interest from the legacy and rentals from the property brought in to the trust a sum of rupees two thousand per month that was spent on charity. Rai Bahadur Seth Mohandas Menghraj also had landed properties at Hyderabad and Karachi.
After the demise of Seth Khushiram (the brother in law), his son Bhai Harkishindas Khushiram became the trustee. He constructed a Dharamshala for the convenience of travelers. Bhai Harkishindas expired at the age of seventy in the year 1930.
Rai Bahadur Seth Mohandas’ first cousin Bhai Sirumal Nihalchand was born in the year 1889. He went to Rangoon at a very young age and worked on salary at his uncle (chacha, father’s brother) Bhai Gunomal Parsram’s jewelry shop. He completed one trip of three year before returning to Sind.
Bhai Sirumal Nihalchand thereafter worked for his other uncle (chacha) Seth Tarachand Parsram at Bombay on salary and completed two trips of three years each. On the third trip, Bhai Sirumal Nihalchand was given general partnership in all the branches owned by Bhai Tarachand Parsram.
Bhai Sirumal worked with Seth Tarachand for considerable years and in 1932 he established his own business at Bombay in his name. Seth Sirumal Nihalchand had good contacts and enjoyed excellent reputation with the Rajas and Maharajas and had won their patronage.
The Descendents of Diwan Hingoromal, son of Diwan Sukhanand Khiomal, call themselves Hingorani.
Diwan Khiomal was Minster with Raja Rawal of Jaisalmer. Due to some bitter misunderstanding, Diwan Khiomal thought is wise to send his family and his son Diwan Sukhanand away to Sind.
Diwan Sukhanand had two sons: Diwan Hingoromal and Diwan Rangomal. Both the sons held high posts with the then rulers of Sind, the ‘Kalhoras’ at Khudabad.
In the year 1759, dacoits raided Khudabad and looted both the Hindus and Muslims. They burnt the city forcing the inhabitants to flee to Sahiti, Tilty, Saywan, Larkana and Sakhar. Khudabad was left to ruins.
Diwan Hingoromal had four sons: M/s. Tilumal, Bhagchand, Khubchand and Tharoomal. Diwan Tilumal migrated to Navsheri Firoz. His brothers Diwan Bhagchand and Diwan Khubchand went to Dudan village near Larkana and were called Dudani. After some time their descendents moved to Larkana, where they built their own locality called Dudani Paro. Mr. Amarlal Vasanmal Dudani Advocate was infact a Hingorani.
Diwan Tharoomal had two sons: M/s. Gurbuxrai and Ramchand. They migrated to village Khahi Rahu, Taluka Navsheri Firoz. District. Later they shifted to Hyderabad. From their roots came the Ramchandanis, named after Diwan Ramchand.
The eldest son of Diwan Hingoromal was Diwan Tilumal who lived at Navsheri Firoz and had two sons named M/s. Motiram and Amalrai.
Diwan Motiram’s son Diwan Gunomal married into Murjanis of Navsheri Firoz. Murjanis, along with Diwan Gunomal later shifted to Bhareen near Kherpur Mir Sahib Wari. Diwan Gunomal’s descendents were, for a while, called Kirtani, named after Diwan Kiratsingh, son of Diwan Gunomal. Some thirty-five years prior to 1947, they changed their surname and called themselves Ramchandani.
Diwan Motiram’s brother Diwan Amalrai along with his cousins Diwan Ramchand and Diwan Gurbuxrai moved on to Hyderabad.
From Diwan Amalrai’s roots came Mr. Jethsingh Narainsingh Public Prosecutor. They called themselves Ramchandani. Ramchandani is therefore a branch of Hingorani.
Diwan Higoromal’s brother Diwan Rangomal had three sons: M/s. Idanmal, Kherajmal and Thawardas.
Diwan Idanmal got his daughter married to Diwan Naraindas, a zamindar of Hingorjan. Diwan Naraindas was the ancestor of Bhambhanis. Diwan Idanmal, under the protection of Vadero Fateh Khan, had built his village called Pad-Eedan or Idan.
Diwan Idanmal’s three sons: M/s. Khemchand, Tanwarnmal and Nandlal resided at Bharya and Tharoo Shah.
Diwan Khemchand’s descendents at Bhareen earlier called themselves Takhtani, name adopted from Diwan Khemchand’s grandson Diwan Takhtmal. But, some forty-five years prior to 1947, they changed their surname to Hingorani.
Diwan Idanmal’s brother Diwan Kherajmal and his cousin Diwan Tharoomal Hingoromal went to village Khahi Raho, located towards Navsheri Firoz.
Diwan Idanmal’s brother Diwan Thawardas moved to Seeta Tharhi.
In addition to the Hingoranis of Hyderabad and Bhareen, there were others.
Descendents of Diwan Hingoromal and Diwan Rangomal also called themselves Hingorani.
Prominent amongst them were the Hingoranis of Tharoo Shah, Diwan Banhasingh Judge, Rai Bahadur Diwan Totaram Mayaram, from Khahi Raho Rai Sahib Diwan Karamchand Lilaram retired Educational Inspector and Dr. Gianchand Teomal Hingorani, civil surgeon.
Diwan Gehimal was son of Jethmal Motiram. He had three brothers named M/s. Thadomal, Baharmal and Kiyandas. See Thadani.
Diwan Gehimals descendants (Gehani) lived at Tilty. The remaining three brothers along with their Guru Gosain Harnam Gur came to Hyderabad and set up his Darbar.
Diwan Gehimal, brother of Diwan Thadomal, and his son Mr. Shivdas Gehimal stayed back at Tilty, District Saywan. Their descendants call themselves Gehani.
Mr. Shivdas Gehimal had two sons: Mr. Raisingh and Mr. Makomal. Their descendants call themselves Raisinghani and Makwani. They are all offshoots of Thadanis of Hyderabad. In other words, their roots are connected with Bhagia Nukh families who had migrated from Jaisalmer.
Mr. Shivdas Gehimal had two sons: Mr. Raisingh and Mr. Makomal. Their descendants call themselves Raisinghani and Makwani. They are all offshoots of Thadanis of Hyderabad.
Mr. Shivdas Gehimal had two sons: Mr. Raisingh and Mr. Makomal. Makomal’s descendants call themselves Makwani. They are all offshoots of Thadanis of Hyderabad.
Diwan Khemchand Hingorani’s descendents at Bhareen called themselves Takhtani, name adopted from Diwan Khemchand’s grandson Diwan Takhtmal. See Hingorani & Malkani.
Some forty-five years prior to 1947, the Takhtanis changed their surname to Hingorani.
Nukh, Dar – ri, is also used by Ramchandanis of Hyderabad, Sahiti’s Hingorani Malkani, Kirtani, Ramrakhani, and Balwani.
Nagpals are Arorvanshi. See Arorvanshi.
They came to Sind from Punjab and settled at Shikarpur. In 1947 there were around 35 Nagpal household in Shikarpur. They were traders.
Nukh: – Some Bharvanis have ‘Bajaj’ as their Nukh.
Bharvanis are Lohana. (See Lohana Chapter).
Bharvani’s ancestors, during the year 711 Arab invasion, were followers of Buddhist faith. Despite being Ahinsawadi (peace lovers), they fought for Raja Dhahar against the Arabs. The battle was lost and they then along with all the other Hindus left Sind for safer grounds. After time immemorial, during the Kalhora reign, Bharvanis returned to Sind. They were then called Sanwalani and lived at Khudabad.
Seth Sanwaldas was Khudabad’s leading Shroff or Saraf and a trader. His offices were located at Chhapri (Sakhar) Kotri, Manjhand, Ulharpur, Thhata and Keti Bunder. After Khudabad’s exodus he moved to Ulharpur. Seth Sanwaldas shifted again to Manjho as the River Indus inundated Ulhapur.
Seth Sanwaldas had four sons: M/s. Bharoomal, Lakhimal, Tolomal and Chhatomal.
Seth Chhatomal: He was a trader. Seth Chhatomal migrated to Keti Bunder and started his own business. As of 1946, there was no information available to Diwan Bherumal M. Advani of neither this family nor their descendants.
Seth Bharoomal was the forefather of Bharvanis despite the fact that he had no children of his own. Seth Bharoomal and his brother Seth Tolomal lived together in the same house and that led to Seth Tolomal’s children adopting ‘Bharvani’ as their surname.
Seth Tolomal had two sons: M/s. Lakhmichand and Moryomal.
Seth Lakhmichand had a son named Seth Nihalchand who sired two sons named Seth Vishindas and Seth Lilaram.
Seth Nihalchand Lakhmichand was born in village Manjho, District Kotri. His father Seth Lakhmichand, besides having farms and gardens (fruit gardens), also had offices at Chhapri (Sakhar), Kotri, Thhata, Ulharpur and village Wachheray.
Seth Nihalchand married daughter of Seth Khushaldas who was a reputed man and had offices at Lucknow, Agra and Delhi.
Seth Nihalchand did not have children for a long time. Absence of heir affected him emotionally. Seth Nihalchand retired from business and devoted time to his gardens and religion. He respected Sants (pious men) and looked after them. He invited Sants and Sadhus to visit his farms and gardens and made arrangements for them to camp there. Seth Nihalchand came in close contact with a Sant who was disciple of Sain Gulabdas of Punjab. Under his influence Seth Nihalchand transformed into a Sadhu and people called him ‘Bhagat Nihal Lal’. Bhagat Nihal Lal later became a Sant (pious man).
At the age of 45, Bhagat Nihal Lal was blessed with a son named Seth Vishindas and some years later another son named Seth Lilaram was born. On Bhagat Nihal Lal’s demise, his body was laid to rest in a Samadhi.
Seth Vishindas Nihalchand: – Right from young age Seth Vishindas was inclined to religion. At the age of nineteen he left home for Punjab to seek his Guru. At village Chinya Navala near Kasor he met Sant (pious) Gulabdas and learnt his ‘Mantras’.
Seth Vishindas’ business empire extended from Karachi to Hyderabad, Nawabshah, Manjho, Badah and Bombay. Seth Vishindas was fond of sangeet (music) and singers from far and near visited him and participated in the music session. Vishin Nager at Phulayli was named after him.
Seth Lilaram Nihalchand: – Seth Lilaram was born at village Manjho. He cared for his cattle and practiced herbal medication. Due to an epidemic at Manjho, his family and other family members left for Karachi. Seth Lilaram stayed back to care for the sick and poor. The epidemic took its toll. Seth Lilaram fell prey to the disease and expired.
Seth Harchandrai Vishindas: – (1862-1928). Seth Harchandrai was born at Manjho. After gaining his primary education at Kotri, he went to Karachi and passed his matriculation (O level) from Karachi Govt. High School. He thereafter left for Bombay for higher studies at Elphinstone College and passed BA in the year 1881 and LL.B. in the year 1885.
Seth Harchandrai started his Legal practice at Karachi in the year 1886 and made a name. In the year 1887, he devoted his time to collect donations for creation of Sind College. Seth Harchandrai was a member of the Board and Standing Committee of the College for many years. He was also Vice President of Benaras Hindu University.
Seth Harchandrai was very critical about the happenings in the Karachi Municipal Corporation that was established in the year 1885. All shortcomings in the working of the Corporation were pointed out by him by witting letters to ‘The Phoenix’ newspaper. Seth Harchandrai was connected with the Corporation for thirty-three years and was its President for 10 years.
Seth Harchandrai also took keen interest in the National affairs. He joined the Congress party in the year 1888. In 1913 Seth Harchandrai chaired the welcome committee of the Congress session held at Karachi.
From the year 1900 to 1921, Seth Harchandrai was member of Bombay Legal Counsel representing the Sind Municipal corporations.
From 1921, Seth Harchandrai was Member of ‘Delhi Legislative Assembly’ representing the Hindus form Sind.
It was this Honorable Seth Harchandrai who renovated the old cremation grounds at Sakhar and built new one.
In the year 1928, Lala Lajpatrai invited Seth Harchandrai to attend and be present at the Hind Assembly at Delhi to cast his vote against The Siemen Commission.
Despite Seth Harchandrai’s ill health and against the Doctor’s advice, he went to Delhi. On the day of the meeting, even though he was not in a condition to walk, he got himself carried to the meeting to cast his vote. The journey proved to be fatal. Seth Harchandrai expired.
News of Seth Harchandrai’s death spread like wild fire. Assembly meeting was adjourned. Members who were present in the Assembly hall carried Seth Harchandrai’s body on their shoulders to the cremation ground located on the bank of River Jamuna. Dignitaries like Pundit Motilal Nehru, Pundit Madan Mohan Malyav, Mr. Vithalbhai Patel (father of Sardar Valabhbhai Patel), Lala Lajpatrai, and Sir Lancet Graham, who later became first Governor of Sind, were all present and paid their homage.
Sind was proud to have Seth Harchandrai amidst it. In his memory, Karachi Municipal Corporation installed his marble statue in its compound.
Seth Harchandrai’s sons (as of 1946) were Mr. Atmaram, Mr. Surajmal, Mr. Prakash, Mr. Sachanand and Mr. Daulatram.
Seth Srichand Vishindas (1874 – 1932): – Seth Srichand was the second son of Seth Vishindas. He, after doing his BA in 1898, graduated from Karachi’s D. J. College.
Seth Srichand managed family’s property and business. Seth Srichand was member of Karachi Municipal Corp. Like Seth Harchandrai, he had gone Europe for a vacation. In the year 1932, Seth Srichand expired at Manjho due to a heart attack.
Seth Srichand’s son was Mr. Hiralal S. Bharvani, who in the year 1946 was the Principal of Dayaram Gidumal National College, Hyderabad.
Seth Udhavdas Vishindas (1879 – 1926): – He was born at Manjho, Seth Udhavdas was the third and youngest son of Seth Vishindas. He obtained his primary education at Manjho and joined Karachi’s Govt. High School where he studied upto fourth grade English. Due to bad eyesight he had to give up studies.
Seth Udhavdas then joined his father and looked after the grain and cotton section of the business and was fond of music and poetry (Shairee).
Seth Udhavdas’ sons were Seth Sukhdev, Seth Lachmandas, Seth Ramchand and Seth Bharatraj.
Seth Sukhdev Udhavdas: – Seth Sukhdev was born in the year 1896 at Manjho and after studying seventh grade English he joined his grand father in his business.
In the year 1934, Seth Sukhdev joined his brothers and managed the cotton and grain section of the business. At Karachi, in the year 1946, his business was running under the name of ‘Seth Vishindas Sukhdev”. Seth Sukhdev thereafter looked after the zamindari. He was member of ‘The Imperial Council of Agriculture Research’. In addition to that he was also Trustee of Karachi Port Trust and President of the ‘Indian Merchants Association’ for the years 1944 to 1945.
Seth Sukhdev was a freedom fighter and participated in the Congress Satyagrah and freedom struggles in the years 1930, 1934, and 1942. British Government arrested him and after imposing a fine sent him to jail. Admiring his devotion to the freedom struggle, the Congress leaders in the year 1945 – 1946 nominated Seth Sukhdev as Sind’s representative for Hind Assembly Elections and he won. In 1946, he along with Hon’ble Seth Harchandrai Vishindas were members of the Central Assembly at Delhi.
Seth Tolomal Sanwaldas’ other son was Seth Moryomal.
Seth Moryomal had two sons named Seth Devandas who had no children and Seth Jethomal.
Even though they were cousins of Seth Harchandrai’s grandfather Seth Nihalchand, they were part of the joint Hindu household.
Seth Jethomal was born in 1834 at Manjho District Kotri. He was responsible for the maintenance and running of the household, social affairs and other family obligations. He expired in the year 1898.
Seth Jethomal had three sons named M/s. Wadhumal, Kesavdas and Naumal. Seth Wadhumal expired at a young age.
Seth Kesavdas was born in the year 1863 at Manjho. His cousin Seth Harchandrai Vishindas was one year younger to him. They were very close to one another. Seth Kesavdas was in charge of and looked after Seth Vishindas’ affairs viz. implementation of Contracts/tenders that Seth Vishindas took and management of Timber and Coal business at Karachi and shipping.
In 1898, plague struck Karachi. Seth Vishindas threw open the doors of a Hospital for free treatment of the sick and poor. Everyday Seth Kesavdas along with Seth Harchandrai visited and took rounds of the hospital to ensure that proper medical treatment was given to the patients.
Seth Kesavdas was respected by every Hindu and Muslim. Even Memons (a sect in Muslims) respected him and whenever a dispute arose between them, Seth Kesavdas was asked to mediate.
Seth Kesavdas expired at Karachi in December 1905. He had no children.
Seth Naumal Jethomal was born at Manjho in the year 1866. He expired in the year 1891 at a young age of 25. Seth Naumal left behind his widow and two sons: Seth Ramchand and Seth Jairamdas.
Seth Ramchand was born in the year 1884 at Manjho. He spent some years at Quetta with his Uncle Seth Vishindas. After the death of Seth Kesavdas, Seth Ramchand shifted to Karachi and looked after timber, coal and shipping division of the business. He expired at Karachi in 1908 at a very young age of 24 years. He had no sons.
Seth Jairamdas Naumal was also born at Manjho in the year 1885. He studied at Karachi’s Government High School and joined his Uncle Seth Vishindas Nihalchand and managed his grain division of the business.
In 1919, Seth Jairamdas Naumal separated from his Uncle Seth Vishindas Nihalchand and started his own commission agency business at Karachi dealing in grain and cotton. Business prospered and by the year 1947 he had his offices at Karachi, Bombay, Jacobabad and Sakhar.
At Jamesabad, Seth Jairamdas Naumal had cotton ginning and bailing mills. At Dokri he had a rice mill, and at Karachi Dhal mill. In addition he had landed properties.
Seth Jairamdas Naumal had six sons: Seth Jawaharlal, Seth Mohanlal, Seth Hiralal, Seth Harilal, Seth Kaniyalal and Seth Arjanlal.
Seth Jawaharlal was born in the year 1918 and looked after the Karachi affairs. He was a very pleasant, jovial and philanthropic person.
A Pakistan Daily pays tribute to Seth Harchandrai.
Mr. Ashok Harchandrai of Harchandrai & Sons Mumbai contributed a news clipping of a Pakistan Daily that carried the following article.
“ Tribute paid to Seth Harchand Rai.
HYDERABAD, Aug. 7 (2001). Seth Harchand Rai Vishindas was not only a lawyer but at the same time he was a social reformer and a politician. He was father of modern Karachi.
This was stated by Professor Aijaz A. Qureshi who inaugurated the launching ceremony of the book on ‘Seth Harchand Rai Vishindas’ compiled by Khadim Hussain Soomro, director of Sindh Sufi institute, at the Sindh Museum here the other day.
Professor Qureshi said that Seth Harchand Rai had remained president of Karachi municipality for 10 years from 1911 – 1921 where he brought many changes in the face of Karachi by launching development schemes.
He played a vital role in the social, economic and educational progress of Karachi.
He was predecessor of Jamshed Mehta, who is also considered to be modern developer of Karachi, Professor Qureshi maintained.
Speaking on the occasion, Rochi Ram Advocate paid glowing tributes to Seth Harchand Rai by recalling his services for the cause of education and revival of economy.
Kishinchand Bharvani, a senior lawyer of Hyderabad, and Grandson of Seth Harchand spoke on the background of his family and services rendered by his grandfather.
He said that the sculpture of Seth Harchand Rai, which was erected at the time of his death, was now lying in broken condition in the warehouse of Karachi municipality. He said that the same may be returned to him.
Taj Joyo, a noted Sindhi writer, said that Rai had played a great role in the movement for separation of Sindh from Bombay along with another son of the soil, Barrister Ghulam Muhammad Bhurgari. Unquote.
The following has been contributed by Prem Harchandrai 2006
Were originally known as Sanwalani Seths after the elder of the family Seth Sanwalmal Bajaj. Some used Bajaj as their Nukh. They are Lohanas.
Sanwalani Seths (Bharvanis) are an ancient Sindhi family. Their family tree Vance is shown as Raghuvansh. Maryada Purshotam Shri Ramchander also belonged to the Raghuvansh line. This family, too, originated from the old Raghuvanshi clan.
The Lohanas claimed to be the descendants of Shri Ramchander’s son Sharlau. Originally, the Lohanas were Kashatris who later became traders. In the beginning, the forebears of this family used to live in some village on the banks of Indus. They were farmers. Whenever Sindh was invaded by foreigners, they armed themselves and gave battle to the marauders to defend their land. After the invasion was over, they would resume farming.
Their ancestors, during the year 711 Arab invasion, were Buddhist. Despite being Ahinsawadi (peace lovers), they fought for Raja Dhahar against the Arabs who laid siege to his fort. When Dahar’s devoted soldiers saw his fort crumbling they went down fighting. Among those who laid down their lives was Rajmal – a member of the Bajaj (Bharvani) clan. After the battle was lost they along with all other Hindus left Sind. After time immemorial they returned to Sind during the Kalhora reign and lived at Khudabad and were called Sanwalani Seths.
Seth Sanwalmal Bajaj (died 1773):
He was the elder of the family and used to live in Khudabad in the early 18th century. He was a prosperous jeweler and trader. Sindh was in those days ruled by the Kalhoras and Khudabad was their capital city. The family came to be known as the Sanwalanis after Sanwalmal. Sanwalmal had business interests in Khudabad, old Sukkur, Kotri, Thatta and Keti Bunder, all of them were important trading centers of Sindh in those days.
When the Kalhoras were on the decline, Baloch marauders attacked Khudabad in 1768 and put the city to torch. There was an exodus from the ransacked capital. Sanwalmal and his family found refuge in Unnarpur and resumed their business activities. Sanwalmal died in
1773, leaving behind four sons, Chhatomal, Lakhimal, Bharomal and Tolomal. After his death his property was divided among his heirs. However Bharomal and Tolomal continued to live together after their father’s death.
Was a trader. He migrated to Keti Bunder and set up his business there. As on 1776, there was no information available about his family tree.
: 2 :
His family members were later on came to be called ‘Lakhianis’.
He had only one son Khushaldas who was also blessed with only one son Sangomal who died issueless. Seth Bharomal and Seth Tolomal had involved themselves in Trade and Business and were very successful businessmen in their time.
He had two sons. Seth Lakhmichand and Seth Moriomal.
He had only one son named Seth Nihalchand who fathered two sons named Seth Vishindas and Seth Lilaram.
Had two sons named Seth Devandas who had no issue and Seth Jethomal who had three sons named Wadhumal, Kesavdas and Naumal. Wadhumal died in Child hood. Of the other two sons, Kesavdas was born in 1862 and was issueless. Naumal was born in 1866 and died
young at the age of 25. He left behind 2 sons Ramchand (Born 1884) and Jairamdas (Born 1885). Like his father Ramchand also died young at the age of 24 years. Jairamdas had six sons Jawarmal, Mohanlal, Hiralal, Harilal, Kanialal and Arjunlal. Towards the end of his life Jethomal grew very week and spent most of his time at home. He died in 1898.
Seth Nihalchand Lakhmichand 1798-1865:
He was born in village Manjho, District Kotri. His father had business, offices and large size shops at Chhapri (Sakhar), Kotri and Thhata. He expanded his business and also opened many shops at Ulharpur and village Wachheray. He even came to acquire and own many acres of agricultural lands and several fruit gardens.
Seth Nihalchand who was himself a very well to do Trader married the daughter of a wealthy business man of Hyderabad Sindh Seth Khushaldas Parumal who also had offices at Lucknow, Agra and Delhi. For a long time Seth Nihalchand did not have children. Absence of an heir effected him emotionally. He therefore left the business and devoted his time to look after Sants, Saints and Sadhus whom he often invited to come and stay in his Gardens one of which had later on came to be known as “Bilas Baug”. He came in close contact with a Sant Parmahance who was the disciple of Satguru Gulabdas of Punjab. In his company he became a Sadhu himself and people named him ‘Bhagat Nihal Lal’. Bhagat Nihal Lal himself became a Sant with a Big follower-ship and chose to live the rest of his days as an ascetic.
After many years of his marriage at the age of 45, Bhagat Nihal Lal was blessed with 2 sons name Vishandas and later on yet another son named Lilaram. They were both brought up with great love and affection under the care of their father. However their fathers piety left a deep imprint on their mind. Sages and Saintly men used to meet every day in their “Bilas Bagh” to engage in learned discourse and listen to devotional music. All these influenced the two boys in their formative years. Their father taught them Punjabi in the Gurmukhi script and Sindhi at home. The two brothers were married in 1859. Vishandas was married to Seth Dunimal Tilokchandani’s daughter Reejhalbai of Village Manjhand. Lilaram was married to Nirmalabai who was the daughter of Seth Bojhraj Khealdas. Both Dunimal and Bojhraj were leading merchants in Manjhand. On his demise in the year 1865, Bhagat Nihal Lal was not cremated but his body was laid to rest in a Samadhi in his own garden next to the Samadhi of his Guru Parmahance who died in 1857. The Samadhi was named after him and was called Darbar Parmahance.
Seth Vishindas Nihalchand 1843-1929:
Seth Vishindas Nihalchand was born in Manjho, a village near the Railway Junction of Kotri in Sindh, now a part of Pakistan . His father Nihalchand, belonged to a family of landlords and merchants and the family was known as Gulabdasis. It was said that soon after he was born, Sant Parmahance, the Guruji, of Vishindas’s father, had said that the boy will attain both wealth and fame, but will lead a religious and austere life like his father. The family named him Vishin who was showing more and more leanings towards religious ways of life even as child. Though married to Beejhalbai, daughter of Seth Dunimal Tilokchandani, a wealthy businessman of Manjand at the age of 16, he accepted asceticism at the age of 19 and also obtained mantras from Sant Gulabdas.
At the same time, Seth Vishindas was building a business empire which slowly but steadily expanded from Manjho to Karachi and from Karachi to Mumbai and Hyderabad . But he continued to take keen interest in religious and social activities. He gave liberally for the welfare of the poor and also involved activities like ending dowry and also educating people to avoid extravagance in marriages, etc. He got a book published which is considered as a code of conduct for Hindus which was distributed through local bodies. Once there was a terrible drought in Kohistan and the people living there began to find it difficult to make ends meet. This moved Vishandas and he promptly ordered that fair price grain shops to be opened in
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Manjho and Kotri. He was a big timber contractor and he allowed the poor to sell wood to make a living and also permitted them to graze their cattle on his land. In recognition of his role as a social reformer, he was conferred with the title of Rai Bahadur.
As a businessman, Vishindas was the biggest contractor of forests of Sindhi, owner of Ginning factories, rice thrashing units and a fleet of Boats to undertake transportation of Merchandise upto Persian Gulf , Malabarcoast and Madras . He ran a large Commission Agency Business in Kharadar in Karachi . He also owned thousands of acres of agricultural land. He built a huge Mansion in Lakhi Street in Karachi which had a magnificent Hall named Vishan Sabha where he would host daily musical sessions. Similar sessions used to be held in his Gardens in Manjho at Vishin Nagar in Hyderabad. His constant contact with prominent singers and teachers of music enabled Vishandas to acquire a deep knowledge of the intricacies and nuances of various ragas. Noted singers from all over India used to be invited and applauded for their art. Performers had to be careful singing before Seth Vishindas as he was himself a good magician and also possessed a deep knowledge of the intricacies of Music.
In 1897, a plague epidemic hit Karachi causing great panic among the people. Extreme adverse conditions led people to abandon friends and relatives of each other. The local civil hospital was poorly equipped and managed. Vishandas rose to the occasion by establishing a hospital at his own expense and put it under the charge Dr. Nazrat, a leading physician of his time. The hospital was situated in the Bhimpura Quarters near the Bara Akhara. It had 75 beds and a full complement of nurses and paramedical staff. The Hospital came to be known as Vishandas Hospital . Everyone was given the best treatment without regard to his caste or creed. The patients were looked after day and night also by the Seth’s son Harchandrai and nephew Seth Keshavdas. .
At the time of his death in the year 1929, Vishandas left behind over 8000 acres of land and also other huge fortunes for his descendents. In the last few years of his life, afflicted by asthma, he was obliged to move and settle down at Phulayli in Hyderabad Sindh. The locality was named after him as “Vishan He had a Serai (inn) established for travelers. He organized annual fares with free community kitchens. He also took considerable part in local and political affairs. He attended the 1st, 2nd and 3rd sessions of the Indian National Congress and upto the end of his life, he was a member of Karachi District Board and was the President of the Kotri Tehsil Local Board. He set up schools, hired the services of teachers and ordered the construction of a hospital. Seth Vishandas had 3 sons Seth Harchandrai, Seth Shrichand and Seth Odhudas who divided the ancestral property among themselves. Seth Vishandas had also four daughters. Gungalbhai, Panjalbai, Motibai and Chandibai. Gungalbai was married to
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Mukhi Gheimal Karamchandani from whom she bore three sons, one of whom, Seth Shevakram was for many years President of the Kotri municipality. Panjalbhai was married to Seth Chhatumal Hotchand of Alam Khan Marri village. The couple was issueless. Chandibai was married to Seth Tolaram Devjiram of Alhyar village. This couple, too, was issueless. Tolaram died in the 1935 during the Quetta earthquake. Chandibai was also injured. She died in Mathura in 1948.
Seth Lilaram Nihalchand 1845-1900:
He was born 2 years after Seth Vishindas in village Manjho in Kotri Tehsil. Since both the sons were born to Seth Nihalchand after many years after his marriage, they both grew up with a lot of love and affection under their fathers care. Because the sages and sanits used to meet every day in the “Bilas Bagh” belonging to their father, the 2 sons were greatly influenced by them. At the age of 14 in the year 1859 Lilaram was also got married to Nirmalabai daughter of Seth Bojhraj Khealdas a trader and businessman in Manjhand. Seth Lilaram ran the family business with much success. He was fond of cattle and practiced herbal medication. Due to cholera that broke out in Manjho in 1900, he sent his family to Karachi and stayed back to look after the poor and sick and fell prey to the epidemic and died the same year.
Seth Harchandrai Vishandas: C.I.E., B.A., L.L.B. 1862-1928:
He was born in a small village in Manjho Tehsil Kotri and obtained his primary education in Kotri at a school founded by his father Vishandas. He passed his matriculation from Karachi Govt. High School in 1878 and went to Bombay for higher studies. In Mumbai he studied at Elphinston College and passed BA in the year 1881 and later passed his law in the year 1885. After returning to Karach , Seth Harchandrai accepted a subordinate job in Shikarpur court under the advice of Diwan Dayaram Gidumal Shahani whom he had considered his hero. Government servants in those days were held in great public esteem and awe which prompted Seth Harchandrai to join the Government service. But his father, Seth Vishandas, who was reputed as a prosperous businessman at that time did not approve of his son’s decision to accept a Govt. job and persuaded him to resign. By now a Barrister in law, Seth Harchandrai returned to Karachi and set up his own legal practice in the year 1886. In those days there were only a few lawyers of reputation in Karachi . Seth Harchandrai soon achieved fame and established his name and as a lawyer of great repute. He was highly talented and knew the art of public speaking and was even charming in private conversations and served his clients with a great amount of integrity and honesty. He was elected as a Honorary Secretary of the Karachi Bar Association which was established in 1890. He held this office for full 38 years which was a positive proof of the love and respect in which the legal fraternity in Karachi.
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held him. It is said the Md. Ali Jinnah did attend the chambers of Seth Harchandrai and worked as an apprentice with Harchandrai Vishandas and company and later on went to build himself up as a great lawyer. Despite the heavy load of legal work, he always spared time for social welfare work. It was Seth Harchandrai who saved the old cremation grounds at Sakhar and built new ones.
Seth Harchandrai was very critical about the happenings in the Karachi Municipality that was established in the year 1885. In 1888 at the age of 26, he was elected member of Karachi Municipality and was its legal advisor from 1896 to 1910 until when in 1911 he was elected its President and continued as President until 1921. Because he wanted to make Karachi a beautiful and clean city, he toured Europe to see for himself how cities are planned there and studied the Municipal laws of those cities. In 1921 when Seth Harchandrai was elected to the Indian Legislative Assembly, he was obliged to remain in Delhi for long period of time. He therefore voluntarily resigned from the Presidentship of the Municipality. His service spanning 33 years to the Karachi Municipality ended with a grand and marvelous farewell party. The meeting held on April 20, 1921 was the last that he had attended. Many speeches and tributes were paid to enlighten the work and achievements of Seth Harchandrai.
The meeting had adopted many eulogizing resolutions of the great services rendered by him.
Of Seth Harchandrai, a villager who reached such heights in India , was a matter of pride for Sind . Of him, it was said that Seth Sahib is the father of Modern Karachi because of his Association with the Municipality of Karachi as its member for 22 years and as its President for 11 years. It is during this period that Karachi was transformed from a sleepy little fishing village to a Modern Town . The relevance of Seth Harchandrai’s contribution to making of Modern Karachi can be assessed from the fact that after his death a statue committee was formed by leading citizens of Karachi under the Chairmanship of the Commissioner Mr. Hudson to execute its project. A Statue of Seth Harchandrai Vishandas was installed in the compound of the Karachi Municipal Corporation at a very well attended function by many leading personalities who paid homage to the services rendered by Seth Harchandrai in the making of the city of Karachi.
Seth Harchandrai took interest in the Nation’s affairs. He joined The Indian National Congress party in the year 1888 and for 30 years he remained a congress leader from Sindh. It would not be far too wrong to say that congress was Sindh and for Sindh, congress was Seth Harchandrai. The 28th Congress session was held at Karachi in the year 1913 at the invitation of Seth Harchandrai. He was Chairman of the welcome committee. The great leader of Sindhi Muslims, Ghulam Muhammad Bhurgari lent full support to Seth Harchandrai as did Ghula
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Ali Chagla, Ghulam Hussain Qasimad and Ayub Khan. Chagla even became one of the Secretaries of the reception committee. Sindhi Muslims not only participated in large members but also gave full support. This was a new chapter in the history of the Congress. A good part of the credit for this went to Seth Harchandrai.
From the year 1910 to 1920, he was elected as a member of the Bombay Legislative Council representing the Municipalities. Since Seth Harchandrai had lived in Bombay for 7 years some of the council members got to know him well and since he used to attend Indian National Congress Meetings from 1888 onwards, he got acquainted with many leaders some of whom were actually his friends. The Council embarked upon a programme of social welfare and Seth Harchandrai represented Sindh to the best of his ability. During the 10 years membership of the Bombay legislative Council Seth Harchandrai served his people in many ways so much so that he put an end to the explication and the High handed attitude of the bureaucracy. It can be said without fear of denial that a new chapter of socio-economic growth in Sindh was authored almost entirely by Seth Harchandrai Vishandas. It will be interesting to know that some of the members of the Bombay Legislative Council in those days were Sir Pheroz Shah Mehta, Mr. Gulam Muhammed Bhurgari, Mr. Vithalbhai Patel, Pandit Madanmohan Malvia, Mr. Purbashankar Patmni, Sir Ibrahim Rehmatallah, Mr. Sheeraf Devji Kanji, Chunnilal V. Mehta, Mr. V. Mehta, Shrian Shulam Hussain Hidayatullah, Motilal Nehru and Mr. D.V. Beelvi.
From 1920 until his death in 1928, Seth Harchandrai was also elected Member of the Indian Legislative Assembly representing the Hindus from Sind . As a member of the Assembly he had to handle many public grievances and grants that needed the approval of the government which were got redressed by Seth Harchandrai. The most important was the fact that with his efforts and intense persuasion, he got the Bombay government to implement the Sukkur Barrage Scheme in 1923. The work of the Barrage was resumed and completed subsequently and it changed the face and fortune of Sindh. Harchandrai was one of the pioneers who sold the idea of separation of Sindh from Bombay Presidency. The motive behind this move was the realization that the administrative and social problems of Sindh could be solved only after it acquires the status of a separate province. In the annual session of All India Congress of 1913 Harchandrai raised this demand in his presidential address delivered in the capacity of Chairman Reception Committee. It was Seth Harchandrai who was the revolutionary worker who also gave legal Battle for separation of Sindh from Bombay .
Seth Harchandrai’s contribution to the cause of education was well-known. He found time to teach children in their make shift schools which used to be set up by different communities in the old town in those days. He got an opportunity to expand and set up educational facilities when he became the President of the Karachi Municipality . In those days there were several associations belonging to different communities which were engaged in educational activities. He supported them and allocated plots of land free of cost to built schools and colleges. This encouraged the associations to work with much vigor – and enthusiasm for the cause of education of each community.
The untiring efforts of Diwan Dayaram Gidumal led to the creation of the Sindh College . Harchandrai devoted his time to collect donations for the creation of college. He also remained a member of the standing committee of the college for several years. When Pandit Madan Mohan Malvia launched his fund raising campaign to raise the standard of education in Benaras (now Varanasi) Hindu University, Seth Sahib Harchandrai gave him all out support and was made the Vice-President of the University.
In the year 1928 when Seth Sahib was unwell, Lala Lajpatrai wrote to Seth Harchandrai asking him to be present at the Hind Assembly at Delhi and vote against the all white Simon Commission which was deputed to India to review the working of the 1919 reforms and the Congress party decided to press for its boycott. Seth Harchandrai’s vote was required. Even Shrimati Sarojini Naidu came down to Karachi to impress upon him of the imperative need of his presence in the Assembly for that purpose. Despite his ill health and against the Doctor’s advice, he went to Delhi. On the day of the meeting, he had to be carried to the meeting Hall but expired there. News of his death spread like a wild fire. The Assembly meeting was indefinitely postponed and members gave their shoulders to carry his body to the cremation ground on the bank of River Jamuna. Dignitaries like Pandit Motilal Nehru, Pandit Madan Mohan Malvia, Mr. Vithalbhai Patel (father of Sardar Valabhbhai Patel), Lala Lajpatrai, and Sir Lancet Graham, who later became the first Governor of Sind were present to pay their last respect. At the 45th Annual Meeting of the congress held in Karachi in the year 1931 it was acknowledged that Seth Harchandrai was the moving spirit behind the first congress session at Karachi The fact that he was the first Martyr of National struggle, the camp was named after Harchandrai (Harchandrai Nagar) to pay tribute and to honour Harchandrai as a great leader. The story of the life of Seth Harchandrai was in fact an integral part of the political history of Sindh.
Married to Attoribai daughter of Baldev Belani, Seth Harchandrai was blessed with 4 sons and 2 daughters. The eldest was a daughter Parvati (1914) who was married to Deomal son of Fetechand Keswani of Tandojam, then a son Atmaram (1916) Suraj Prakash (1918) Sachanand
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(1920) daughter Dhanvanti (1922) who was married to Hiranand son of Dalamal Ramnani and Daulatram (1926).
Much more has been written about Seth Vishandas and Seth Harchandrai in the Book complied by Kadim Hussain Soomro and composed by Taswar Hussain. The First edition was printed in September 1996 and the Second edition printed in April 2001 by sain publishers Sehwan Sharif and printed at Saddat Art Press 19-A, Abbot Road Lahore which throws much light of their greatness.
Seth Srichand Vishindas (1874-1932):
He was the second son of Seth Vishandas. He did his BA and graduated from Karachi’s D.J. College in 1898and looked after the family property and business. Like Seth Harchandrai he also went to Europe for holidays.
Seth Srichand was member of Karachi Municipal Corporation.
He expired in the year 1932 at Manjho due to heart failure. He had only one son Hiralal, who later on became the Principal of the Dayaram Gidumal National College, Hyderabad .
Hiralal Srichand (1905-1949):
Principal Bharvani Hiralal Srichand, B.A ., (Bom.), M.A. (Cantab.), Bar-at-law, was born on 17th April 1905 was initially educated at the N.J.V. High School and graduated from D.J. Sindh College at Karachi. As a student he had a brilliant career and was the recipient of innumerable prizes and scholarships. He stood first class first in Sindh in his B.A. Examination with English and Persian. In 1925 at the young age of 21 years, he was appointed a full-fledged Professor of English in Sindh National College, Hyderabad . He was perhaps the youngest Professor in India. He proceeded to England in 1927, passed English Tripos (Honours) at Cambridge with French and Italian as his subsidiary languages in 1930. He was unanimously elected President of the Indian Majlis Cambridge. During the same year he was called to the Bar from the Honourable Society of Lincolns’ Inn . He joined Harchandrai and Company as an advocate in January 1931. In June 1932 he rejoined Sindh National College as senior Professor of English and French on the day when the college was renamed after Diwan Dayaram Gidumal in June 1932. He became the Principal of the
College from December 1938 onwards. He had traveled every part of India and Ceylon and had visited Europe 7 times and saw for himself the Seven Wonders of the World . He wrote many learned articles and debated with rare power and charm and improved the College. During his days, the college had grown from strength to strength and had expanded in all
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directions, the number of students having risen from under 300 to over 600 within four years. He was a keen Mason having seen Right Worshipful Master of his mother lodge Sir Charles Napier (1064 S.C.). He was the President of Rotary Club, Hyderabad, and an old Member of Dialdas and Bhaibund Clubs besides the Karachi Club. His hobbies were traveling, Music and Novel reading. He was a University Examiner upto B.A. and was a Member of Bombay University Students Welfare Committee. He came from one of the best and most prominent families of Sindh, son of Seth Srichand a Land Lord and Zamindar and the nephew of Late Seth Harchandrai Vishindas a leading light of Sindh and grandson of Seth Vishindas Nihalchand. Principal Hiralal died in Delhi in 1949. He died at a young age of 46 years after prologue illness. He remained unmarried. During his illness he was attended up to the very end by Seth Suraj Prakash son of Seth Harchandrai. His body was cremated on the Banks of river Jamuna and the urn containing his ashes was taken to Hardwar by Seth Suraj Prakash and immersed in the river gangs.
Seth Udhavdas Vishindas (1879-1926):
Born in Manjho, Seth Udhavdas was the third and the youngest son of Seth Vishindas. He obtained his primary education at Manjho and joined Karachi Govt. High School where he studied upto Standard Forth English and due to bad eyesight had to give up his studies.
Seth Udhavdas then joined his father and looked after the Grain and Cotton section of the business. He was fond of music and poetry (Shairee).
Seth Udhavdas’ had 4 sons:
Seth Sukhdev, Seth Lachmandas, Seth Ramchand and Seth Bharatraj.
Seth Sukhdev Udhavdas (1896):
Born in Manjho and studied upto Standard Seventh English. He joined his Grand father in his business.
In the year 1934 he joined his brother and dealt in Grain and Cotton. At Karachi , he ran his business under the name, “Seth Vishindas Sukhdev”. For many years he took up Zamindari and was member of ‘The Imperial Council of Agriculture Research’. He was also Trustee of Karachi Port Trust. He was President of ‘Indian Merchants Association’ from the year 1944 to 1945.
He was a Congress freedom fighter and participated in Congress Satyagrah and freedom struggle in 1930, 1934 and 1942 and was sent to jail and fined. Appreciating his devotion, the
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Congress leaders in the year 1945 – 1946 nominated him from Sind for Hind Assembly Elections and he won. In 1946, like Hon’ble Seth Harchandrai Vishandas, he became member of the Central Assembly at Delhi. He continued to live in Pakistan after the partition and remained a member of the Assembly in Pakistan until 1954. He was blessed with 4 sons Khushiram, Sunderdas, Mahesh and Mohan.
Seth Lachmandas :
Was Born in 1927 in Manjho. The family continued to live in Pakistan after partition. He had 3 sons, Kishichand who is today a well known High Court Advocate in Karachi , Bhagwan is the financial advisor and Manager costing to Pakistan International Air Lines and Ishwar who is settled in the U.K and a successful Charted Accountant.
Was born in 1917 at Manjho and died in Bombay in the year 1961. He had only one son Anil (Monu) who lives in Pune and is engaged in real state and food supplies business.
Seth Ramchand 1927-1998:
He was born in Manjho. The family migrated to India during early 1950. He had 3 sons. Inder, who initially involved himself in the construction business is successfully carrying out business in Diamonds. Both Ajit and Raju went to live in Antwarp and joined the business of Diamonds and are successful.
Seth Harchandrai’s family:
To put the record correctly about the family of Seth Harchandrai Vishandas, it is necessary to add as to how over the last three generations, the surname Bharvani had originated.
Seth Harchandrai Vishandas was asked to submit his surname upon his election to the Indian legislative Assembly in the year 1920. He traced his 7th generation ancestor, Seth Bharomal who died issueless and left behind no family tree. In order to perpetuate his memory, he chose an abbreviated surname “Bharvani’’ which was derived from the name Bharomal. Descendants of Seth Vishindas therefore came to be known as “Bharvanis’’
However the sons of Seth Harchandrai – Seth Atmaram (1916), Seth Surajmal Prakash (1918), Seth Sachanand (1922) and Seth Daulatram (1926) all came to be known in the Business Community as ‘Harchandrais,’ because the business friends and also their foreign principals found their names long stretched and also since Seth Harchandrai was well-known, they chose the surname “Harchandrai”. All the sons of Seth Harchandrai had migrated to India after.
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partition in the year 1947, except Seth Surajmal Prakash who had to windup his business in Karachi and migrated in the year 1948. They all left behind huge properties, including several thousand Acres of Agriculture land, 2 large size Ginning factories and 2 big residential buildings in Karachi . However, after migration Suryaprakash was invited to join the services of the government of India and worked as a refugee re-settlement officer at Bantwa in Kutch . But, he became dissatisfied with the widespread corruption in the service and left his job and joined his childhood friend Mr. Gobindram Hemumal who had good knowledge and experience in the construction business. Later on, his other brothers joined him and all pooled the resources that they were able to bring with themselves from Karachi and constructed 2 Buildings on Mughal lane in Mahim (Mumbai) known as – Union House No. 1 (1950) and Union House No. 2 (1952). Meantime, because of his knowledge and experience in Karachi in the business of Machinery Parts, Seth Suryaprakash, together with his youngest brother Daulatram, opened a trading house in 1950 at the Masjid Bunder Road (Mumbai) and named it “Ball Bearing & Machinery Corporation.” Seth Atmaram who at that time was practicing law did not find the profession interesting and along with Sachanand joined them in business and together put up a small office on the Masjid Road and started the business of Importing Ball Bearings and leather beltings. Their new company was known as “Harchandrai Sons”.
However, in the year 1953-54 business suffered a set back due to changes in the Government Policies. As a result, Atmaram left for the Far East to explore the possibility of expanding their Indian business and finally landed up in Japan in the year 1954 where he organized Imports of Bearings into India . He saw good prospects in Japan and called his younger brother Sachanand and set up a Business of Artificial flowers in Yokohama ( Japan). Meantime, Daulatram left Bombay to join his in-laws, who after partition had settled down in Jamaica in the West Indies . After settling Sachanand in Japan, Atmaram returned to India . Meantime business climate in India improved and the Bearing trade too showed major improvement, BBMC came to be known as one of the biggest importers and leading suppliers of Ball and Roller Bearings. In 1956 they acquired a bigger place and in a prime location of Nagdevi Street and moved both the companies there.
Sachanand who was carrying on with the flower business in Japan received an offer from an American buyer who wanted him to work as his Agent for purchasing cultured pearls from Japan . The family thereafter also got involved in the business of cultured pearls and prospered very well. Soon Daulatram joined Sachanand in Japan and both together expanded the business in Japan . Because the younger Harchandrais who grew up and joined the family business, the Harchandrais in India had to expand their Business activities and in 1966 opened a diamond export business. In 1969 Seth Sachanand moved to Hong Kong to set up an office
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there as well. Initially he started Importing Diamonds from India and got jewellery manufactured in Hong Kong for exports to Dubai and to other gulf countries. Finding exports to Dubai profitable, one of the younger sons of Harchandrais was sent to Dubai to handle the Business there. The Original Ball Bearing Business was doing very well. The Harchandrai also came to acquire and own agricultural land of over 130 acres in Hyderabad Deccan ( India ) and even involve themselves in the business of construction. Harchandrais built Bay-View (1959) in Malabar Hill. In 1962 they Built “Delstar” on Huges Road. In 1964 they constructed “ Central Court ” on Motlibai Street at Bombay Central and “Harchandrai House” in 1965 on the Queens Road and lastly Naples ” on the Sobani Road at Cuffe Parade, Colaba in the year 1966. Because the family tree expanded Seth Surajmal together with his son Prem separated from the family business in December 1973. Seth Daulatram separated in 1976. However Seth Atmaram and Seth Sachanand remained in business with each other until 1984 when they too separated and divided equally the assets amongst themselves.
Seth Suryaprakash Harchandrai 1918-1977:
Suryaprakash Harchandrai, son of Seth Harchandrai was born on 9th March in the year 1918 in Karachi . He had his earlier education in Karachi and Graduated from Pune’s Furghson College
Returning to Karachi , after his graduation, Suryaprakash established a trading house in hardware and machinery. But partition in the year 1947 forced him to leave Karachi, leaving behind huge family property which included vast acres of land. He had only a cash of around Rs. 80,000 with him when he arrived in India in the year 1948. However, life for him and the family was in disarray. In India , the Government of India came to his rescue by offering Suryaprakash a job as the refugee Resettlement Officer in Kutch . But finding that corruption and many malpractices marked the rehabilitation scheme for the refugees, he resigned and left Kutch for Deolali in Maharashtra and started exploring business opportunities. But finally, came down to Mumbai to join one of his childhood friend in the construction industry. Because of his earlier experience in the Business of Machinery Parts, he started trading in Ball Bearing and Machinery Parts from a small shop at Masjid Bunder Road . Later on as the business expanded the ball bearing business was shifted to Nagdevi Street, one of the premier business centers in the city. He made good progress here and continued with the ball bearing business in Nagdevi Street till he died in April 1977 at the age of 59 after a brief illness.
Right from his childhood, his grand father, Seth Vishandas, had noticed in Suryaprakash a keen interest in classical music and encouraged him to gain expertise. Although Suryaprakash was never a professional singer, noted singers like Jagjit Singh, Gobind Prasad Jaipurwala,
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Nina and Rajendra Mehta came to him to get the perfection of their ragas. They all had great faith in the expertise of Suyraprakash in the ragas of classical music and held him in high respect. Seth Surya Prakash would also hold regular Musical Darbars at his Residence in Malabar Hill. Jagjit and Citra Singh, Nina and Rajendra Mehta and Nirmala Devi were some of the few noted gazal singers who would regularly perform at his residence. Singers such as Bhimsin Joshi, Actarbhai Begam, Kishori Amolkar would specially invite him whenever they performed in Bombay
Suryaprakash was good natured and involved himself in social, cultural and religious activities. He was fond of traveling and had traveled all over Pakistan and made several visits to Jammu and Kashmir in the Pre-partitioned days. Being very Religious and Pious he had visited almost all places of pilgrimages in India . He was well traveled and had visited almost all countries abroad. When he passed away in the year 1977 his family had received many condolences from all over the world expressing deep sorrow and saying wonderful things about him. As a mark of respect and love for him, over thousand people attended his condolence meeting. He was one of the founders of The All India Ball Bearing Merchants Association and its President in the years 1960-63 and 1967-68. He was one of the champions of India’s Ball Bearing Trade and passionately worked for the well-being of this trade.
He was married to Lal alias Ratna daughter of an oil merchant bhai Tharoomal Mirchandani and had one son Prem, (born on 10th January 1943) and daughter Shakuntala, (born on 1st May 1945) – Prem married Asha alias Kaajal, Daughter of Wasiamal Bagamal Daryanani settled in London and Shakuntala was married to Ramkishin, son of Raisahib Roopchand Assomal Aswani.
Prem Suryaprakash Born January 1943:
Prem Suryaprakash Harchandrai (Prem) was born in Karachi (now in Pakistan ) on January 10, 1943 . He is the only son to his late parents – Seth Suryaprakash Harchandrai and Lal Alias Ratna Suryaprakash Harchandrai. Prem had his education first in Delhi and later in Pune and also in Mumbai.
Prem’s family, a distinguished Sindhi Zamindari from Hyderabad Sindh, (now a part of Pakistan). had produced not only some of the well-known Zamindaris and business leaders and famous philanthropists of the day but also stalwarts whose contribution to India’s freedom movements was great.
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Prem’s grandfather, late Seth Harchandrai Vishandas, was the first Mayor of Karachi and from 1910 until his death in 1928, was a member of the Viceroy’s Council, a Legislator in the Bombay Legislative Council and later in the Indian Legislative and Central Assembly during the Pre-independence days. He had close acquaintance with leaders like Shri Pherozeshah Mehta, Madan Mohan Malvia, Jamshed Mehta, Motilal Nehru, Sardar Vallabhai Patel, Lala Lajpatrai and Mahatma Gandhi.
Following partition, the family migrated to India and Prem’s father, late Seth Suryaprakash Harchandrai, was a Refugee Settlement Officer. Later, in the year 1950 the Harchandrais settled down in Mumbai where Suryaprakashji established his own business.
As a student, Prem was bright in his studies. He was also a keen Sportsman. He was awarded the ‘B’ and ‘C’ Certificates of the NCC Cadets. Prem, has some firsts to his credit. He was the Regimental Sergeant Major of the 1st Maharashtra Battalion and also
was the only Cadet selected from Maharashtra in 1963 to represent that State at the Republic Day Parade in Delhi . During India ’s war with Pakistan in the year 1964 he was commissioned in the Army and posted at NDA under training for almost 5 months. He left the army after intense pressure from his father.
Interrupting his college education Prem had to also join his father’s business in Mumbai – Ball Bearing distribution – at an early age of 18 in the year 1960. After a brief period of training in Mumbai he was sent to Kolkata where his firm, Ball Bearing & Machinery Corporation (BBMC) had opened a branch. Heading the branch in Kolkata, Prem found himself forced to return to Mumbai as the Nexalite movement in West Bengal had begun to pose a serious threat to the life and properly of the business and trading community in Kolkata.
In Mumbai, under the active guidance of his father. Prem slowly but steadily raised the business size, status and reputation of his firm – BBMC. By the end of 1960s, BBMC had emerged as one of the top importers and stockists of all types of ball, roller, taper roller bearings and accessories in India and also Agents for FAG – West Germany, RHP – UK and all-India Sole Selling Agents of Asahi transmission Ball Bearings and Rod End Bearings manufactured by the famous Japanese manufacturers Asahi Seiko Co. Ltd.
Side by side, Prem also devoted his time and talent to increase the business expansion and opportunities of the Indian Ball Bearing trade and also his business status and reputation.
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It was Prem who was responsible in ridding the Nagdevi Business Zone, the premier trading center in Mumbai, especially of hardware and engineering goods of the continued labour problems. Trade unions of his business zone was posing a big threat to the trading community of this area. Prem’s courage and tact coupled with his single-minded effort to put an end to the “irresponsible” attitude of the labour unions of the Nagdevi Business zone brought peace and orderly business conditions. He was able to tame the labour unions of the Area without being unsympathetic to their genuine grievances and demands.
Naturally then, Prem was entrusted with positions and responsibilities not only by the ball bearing trade but other segments of the hard ware and engineering trade. He served as Hon. Regional Secretary of The All India Ball Bearing Merchants’ Association (AIBBMA) for two consecutive terms (1978-1982) before he was elected as its Hon. General Secretary which office he held until 1996 when he became its Vice-President and later as President in 1998. After the two-year term, he vacated the office in the year 2002, but was again elected in 2004 for a two-year term (2004-2006). Incidentally Prem’s father, Seth Suryaprakash Harchandrai was one of the founders of the AIBBMA and its President for the two terms.
Prem’s stewardship of the AIBBMA was noted for striking an unprecedented improvement in the business conditions and also fortunes of the Indian Ball Bearing distribution business while the AIBBMA’s membership and resource position grew steadily. AIBBMA is today regarded as the national representative of India’s Ball Bearing Trade and is treated with utmost respect and consideration by all the Authorities and by the Ball Bearing Industry. Considering the fact that Prem has given the Ball Bearing Trade his life’s best, and his voice and suggestions are listened to by everyone, including the Authorities, it was for the Ball Bearing Trade that it showed concern to ensure that the trade had the total involvement and commitment of Prem. Here, the trade had to be selfish in relying on him. It, therefore, needs no emphasis that the Association could ill afford to lose the services of a team and also a person like Prem who are dedicated and committed, and delivered results for the Association and to the Ball Bearing Community.
Prem was also invited to serve the trade associations of other segments of the hardware and engineering associations. He was the President of The Engineering & Industrial Store Merchants’ Association, Chairman of The Nagdevi Action Committee, Vice-President of The Federation of Associations of Maharashtra. Of Prem, it could be said that over the quarter of a century, he had been in the forefront of every cause and movement that had been initiated to safeguard and promote the business interest, not only of the Ball Bearing Trade, but also of the Nagdevi Business Community. He devoted a good part of his energy and time for the betterment of the trade. His dedication, hard work and total involvement, and his readiness to listen with respect to the views and suggestions of his colleagues in the respective Committees, and also others, had won him everyone’s trust, confidence and acceptability.
In recognition of his excellence in any field of activities of the trade he was bestowed with the Award of “Vyapar Seva Puraskar” for Mumbai District at a function held at Sangli by the Business Weekly. He was also honoured with the title of “Karamyogi Shreeman” by the Karnataka Ball Bearing Trade. Because of all these and more, he was appointed as Special Executive Magistrate for eight years at a stretch by the government of Maharashtra . Prem also became the President of one of the most prestigious clubs on South Mumbai The Bombay Presidency Radio Club Ltd.
Married to Kaajal who belongs to a distinguished Sindhi family in England, Prem has two sons – Susheel and Daleep, daughters-in-law Chandni and Baani, grand sons Shaanil and Nirvan, grand daughters Shinain and Drishti. Both Shaanil and Shinain have blue eyes like Prem.
Prem is actively associated with various religious and cultural bodies. While remaining active and dedicated to the cause of the trading community. Of him, it could be said without any exaggeration that he spontaneously involves himself in any worthwhile cause and gives his very best without being burdened by consideration of cast, creed, religion or any narrow feelings and prejudice. To him only the cause which helped a larger section of the society mattered.
Contributed by Prem Harchandrai July 2006
Nukh: – Manchanda.
There are families with the same Nukh living in Punjab.
Bhavnanis are Arorvanshi.
They hail from Aror (Alwar) district Rohiri. At the time of Arab invasion they moved to Punjab and returned during the Kalhora regime.
Mr. Adyomal Shawani, a Khatri by caste, domicile of Village Seetpur (Punjab), separated from his father and came to Sind and took employment with Miya Adam Shah Kalhori.
Miya Adam Shah sent Mr. Adyomal to Shikarpur on an errand and there he stayed with a wealthy businessman. The businessman fell for Mr. Adyomal and got his daughter married to him.
Mr. Adyomal had two sons, Mr. Choithram and Mr. Sakharmal.
Descendants of Mr. Sakharmal: – Jagtianis of Hyderabad and Ajwanis of Kherpur.
Descendants of Mr. Choithram: – Mr. Choithram had two sons: – Mr. Sabalmal or Sabaldas and Mr. Khatumal.
Mr. Khatumal had two sons: – Mr. Belomal and Mr. Bhavandas.
Descendants of Mr. Belomal: – Gidwanis of Hyderabad.
Descendants of Mr. Bhavandas: – Bhavnanis.
Ajwani, Bhavnani, Jagtiani and Gidwani are of one Bradri.
From the roots of Diwan Sabaldas Choithram: – Diwan Sabhachand Sajandas’ son Diwan Amalrai.
Diwan Amalrai had no son and therefore he adopted his grandson (daughter’s son) Diwan Sangatrai Harjasrai Advani.
Diwan Bhavandas, Diwan Detaram, Diwan Vishindas and others are called Bhavnani.
Diwan Sabhachand had brother named Diwan Sajansingh. His children are from the root of Diwan Mojsingh Jethmal.
Diwan Mojsingh had four sons: – Diwan Murjmal and Diwan Jechandas were Advocates. The other two sons Mr. Atmaram and Mr. Odhermal were businessmen having business at Colombo, Ceylon (Sri Lanka).
The following information has been contributed by Mr. Narain (Nari) Tahilram Bhavnani: –
“Mr. Atmaram, son of Diwan Mojsingh and Mr. Odermal closed down their own business in Colombo in 1929/1930 and returned to Hyderabad. Mr. Odermal passed away in Hyderabad in the late 1920s.
Mr. Odermal had one son Gobind (Gopi) and three daughters who migrated to India in 1947. Gobind (Gopi) settled down in Pune where he passed away. He had no children.
Mr. Atmaram passed away in Hyderabad in 1945. He had four sons and three daughters.
Radhi his daughter married Thakurdas Thadhani who was a leading advocate in Karachi. They had three sons and two daughters. Radhi passed away in Karachi in the 1920s.
Diwan Thakurdas Thadani’s eldest son Pamo also practiced law in Karachi with his father and was unmarried. His second son Bhagwan was also unmarried and passed away in Bombay in the late 70s/early 80s.
The last son Ram married but had no children He passed away in Bombay in late 1980s. Both Mr. Thakurdas and his son Pamo continued to practice law in Karachi after partition. They migrated to India in 1970s. Mr. Thakurdas and his son Pamo passed away in Bombay. The daughters Devi and Bhagwanti who were married in the Jethmalani and Gidwani families passed away in Bombay in 1970s and 2001 respectively.
The second daughter of Mr. Atmaram, Sita married Mr. Hiranand Parmanand Kirpalani who was working in Customs and Excise Department. They had two daughters – Kamla who married Ram Advani who was a professor in Navsari and Gulu who married Ram Gidwani. Both daughters passed away in early 1990s. Sita passed away in Hyderabad in late 1920s.
The third daughter Parpati married Kalachand Ramchandani who worked in Railways. They had two daughters Mohini and Padma. They married in Advani and Tolani families. Kalachand passed away in New Delhi in 1978 and Parpati also passed away in New Delhi in 1980.
Mr. Atmaram’s eldest son was Tahilram. The other sons were Mangharam, Harumal and Motiram. Mr. Tahilram was Civil Engineer and had two sons and four daughters. He passed away in Hyderabad in 1931. The daughters were married in Mansukhani, Mirchandani, Advani and Bhavanani families.
His eldest son Gobind was an Engineer and a business- man. He passed away in Bombay in 1974. He had one son and one daughter. The son Suresh is also an Engineer and has a son Ritesh and daughter Ashita. Sadhna the daughter of late Gobind married an Air Force Officer Tony Garg. Mr. Tahilram’s second son Narain (Nari) became General Manager of Bank of India in Bombay and married in the Shivdasani family. His two daughters Anjali and Nandita both are married into Gujarati families.
Mangharam had four sons and two daughters and had settled down in New Delhi. He passed away in the early 1960’s. Harumal had eight sons and six daughters. He had settled down in Bombay and his sons went overseas to earn their living. He passed away in Bombay in 1976. Motiram had settled down in Hyderabad (AP) He had one son and a daughter. He passed away in late 1979/1980.”
Diwan Jechnandrai Mojsingh was born on Sept. 12 1864. He passed Matriculation (O level) in the year 1882 and taught as a teacher at Nav Shari Firoz for couple of years. Later he passed LL.B. in 1890 and practiced Law. In 1895 he was appointed first as Asst. Public Prosecutor at Hyderabad and later as Public Prosecutor.
In 1914, Diwan Jechnandrai Mojsingh became Public Prosecutor of Nawabshah that had separated from Hyderabad District and retired in the year 1927. He expired on Aug. 24 1930.
Diwan Jechnandrai Mojsingh was from the year 1915 till his death, Legal Advisor to Hyderabad Municipality. He was an expert in Civil Law and in cross-examination. He was, on Jan. 1st 1931, awarded title of ‘Rai Bahadur’ posthumously. The Govt. Gazette that carried the announcement had Black Border around it.
Diwan Jechnandrai Mojsingh’s four sons: – M/s. Bherumal, Dharamdas, Shewakram and Gobindram (Gopi).
Diwan Gobindram Jechnandrai was born on Sept. 3 1903. After passing BA in 1924 he left for England to do his LL.B. at Belfast University and passed out in 1925. He joined Govt. owned Western Railways at London and returned to India in 1927 to join his father’s legal practice.
Diwan Gobindram became Sub. Judge in 1933 and was promoted to First Class Sub. Judge and Asst. Session Judge in 1940. Between Jan. 1944 to 1946 (the date this journal was printed in Sindhi), he was further elevated to the post of Hyderabad’s Asst. Judge and Additional Session Judge.
Diwan Gobindram’s second marriage took place in Oct. 1944. He married Rukmanibai, daughter of Dr. Jairamdas Khatanmal Kirpalani. Rukmanibai had passed her MA. & B.Sc. at Indore.
Diwan Gobindram’s close cousins: Diwan Topanmal Surveyor’s family.
From Diwan Sabhachand Sajandas’ roots: – Diwan Sakhanand. His son Diwan Mulchand was known as ‘Bhai Mulchand Giani’.
Diwan Mulchand was a writer with the Mirs and had married from Noshahri Firoz. One fine day he relinquished all the worldly comforts and became a Sadhu. A visiting Sadhu, who was staying at the Cremation ground, taught him Sanskrit and Brahm Vidya. Diwan Mulchand thus gained his Gyan and was called Gyani or Giani.
Bhai Mulchand constructed a ‘Kutya’ (Hut) that was called ‘Davaro’. The Kutya was located at ‘Ado Belo’, near Munshi Valiram Advani’s garden, at the foot of Advani Ghitti Chari, behind the present Roman Catholic Church. At this Kutya, Bhai Mulchand conducted discourses on Guru Granth Sahib and other holy books and bhajans.
The Amils at that time were not inclined to Sanskrit. Bhai Mulchand influenced them in to it. Munshi Awatrai Malkani, Rajarshi Dayaram’s father Munshi Gidumal and others including some Brahmins learnt Sanskrit form him. Some needy and poor who went to him to learn were given dole and also free books.
Bhai Mulchand had his own gardens at Phulayli. He spent the entire income and his savings on charity. Bhai Dalpatram Sufi and others daily visited him. Shikarpur’s ‘Bao’ Shanker Bharti, Bhai Alooram of Tando Jaam and Bhai Ramchand of ‘Gosain Ghitti’ Hyderabad became his followers.
Bhai Mulchand was born around the year 1799 and expired at the age of seventy. His shrine was constructed at Hyderabad’s cemetery. The place where his ‘Davaro’ was constructed had to give way for Hyderabad’s growth and a street bearing his name now stand there.
Diwan Suratsingh Sakhanand, brother of Bhai Mulchand Giani’, was a Fozdar (Police Inspector). He stayed towards Seray Ghat. The street was named after him and commonly referred to as ‘Fozdarwari Ghitti. The Author Diwan Bherumal M. Advani also lived in the same street.
Diwan Daulatram son of Diwan Surat Sakhanand was Public Prosecutor at Shikarpur. He had four sons, Chandiram, Dialmal, Gopaldas and Ramchand.
Diwan Chandiram’s sons: – Diwan Hassomal and others.
Diwan Dialmal, the second son. He was born on Nov. 1 1873 at Hyderabad. His father Diwan Suratsingh stayed at Shikarpur. Diwan Dialmal passed his Matric (O level) in the year 1889 and passed BA in the year 1892 from College at Karachi.
Diwan Dialmal joined ‘Law School’ at Bombay in the year 1893 and passed out doing his LL.B. in the year 1895. Diwan Dialmal started his practice at Shikarpur in the year 1896 and became Sub. Judge at Jacobabad in the year 1901 and retired as District and Session Judge in the year 1928.
Diwan Dialmal was a keen sportsman. He was President of Sakhar’s Narsayomal Club, Secretary of Dialdas Club at Hyderabad, President of Scouts Association and for a while Scout Commissioner. In 1925, he was Secretary of Hyderabad Provincial Conference. Diwan Dialmal was a member of the Sind deputation that met Siemen Commission. He was against separation of Sind. At ‘Unity Conference’ held at Allahbad in 1931, he on behalf of Sind Provincial Hindu Sabha, opposed separation of Sind and explained Sabha’s view points.
Diwan Dialmal attended ‘Sind Punjab Conference’ held at Lahore representing Hindu Sindhi’s but protected the interest of Sind as whole. During the drought at Thhar he was Chairman of Relief Committee, caring for both Hindus and Muslims. In 1929, came the floods and again Diwan Dialmal went to rescue. During 1930 riots, he went to Rohiri Division to sympathies and help the Hindus.
Diwan Dialmal played an active role in the Municipal affairs. From 1930 to 1932 he was Municipal Consular Shikarpur and member of Sakhar District School Board. He was also Life member of Hyderabad Educational Society and Director of the Board.
Diwan Dialmal was President of Khudabadi Amil Co-operative Agricultural Association. In the year 1937 he was elected member of the Sind Legislative Assembly representing Zamindars and Jagirdars and was a minister for a while. He was responsible for formation of a Commission to look it to flow of Sindhu’s water to Sind that was diverted by Punjab for its own use. Diwan Dialmal advocated for construction of two barrages, one in upper Sind and other in lower Sind.
Diwan Dialmal had one son: – Mr. Gobindram, born on Dec. 11 1898. He was a Zamindar and Justice of Peace. From 1925 to 1931, he was a municipal counselor at Hyderabad and took interest in the politics. Mr. Gobindram spent most of his time at his farms at Jacobabad.
Diwan Dialmal’s brother: – Mr. Gopaldas BA, LL.B. Deputy Superintendent Police who retired in 1946.
It is to be noted that the above mentioned are not the descendants of Diwan Bhavandas but they are descendants of Diwan Sabalmal or Sabaldas, uncle of Diwan Bhavandas.
In part 2 of ‘Sind Jee Tareekh’ written by Shmas Alalma Mirza Q-ya-nya Beg, Diwan Daulatram and others are named as Sablani or Chhablani but they choose to call themselves Bhavnani. The Chhablani’s of Hyderabad are different and not connected with them or any other Bhavnanis.
Diwan Bhavandas had five sons: – M/s. Motiram, Sajansingh, Gulabrai, Tansukhdas and Tonarsingh.
Diwan Sajansingh prospered more compared to his brothers. He had two sons: M/s. Majlasrai and Gujsingh.
Diwan Majlasingh’s sons: M/s. Bolsingh, Menghraj, Uttamchand and Jethmal.
Diwan Bolsingh had two sons: M/s. Ramsingh and Tahalsingh.
Diwan Ramsingh’s elder, Diwan was Tolaram Sachanand Advocate who constructed Hyderabad’s first pakka (solid) house.
Diwan Tahalsingh, brother of Diwan Ramsingh had one son: Diwan Karamsingh. Diwan Karamsingh had three sons: M/s. Chandiram, Pohumal and Varomal.
Diwan Varomal Karamsingh was born at Hyderabad around 1776-1977. He was a contractor and together with his elder brother Diwan Chandiram, bid and catered for Govt., Military, Railway and Irrigation tenders. In 1946, he was seventy years old.
Diwan Pohumal was a Police Sub. Inspector and expired in 1937.
Diwan Chandiram’s one son Mr. Rijhumal was an advocate practicing at Hyderabad and the others son Mr. Hiranand was doing business at or around Srinagar.
Diwan Varomal’s eldest son Mr. Dialmal (born 1899) was employed with M/s Forbes Co. at Karachi.
Mr. Mulchand, (born Oct. 1904) the other son of Diwan Varomal, had done his B.Sc. and was commercial officer with East India Railways.
Mr. Shivaram, (born Oct. 7 1908) the third son of Diwan Varomal, had also done his B.Sc. and was Share and Stock Broker at Karachi having his own office under the name of ‘Bhavnani & Co.’ His wife Mrs. Parvatibai BA. was the daughter of Diwan Ghanshamdas Sahsanimal Khubchandani.
Diwan Varomal had six daughters, all married. One of the daughters Kumari Tilibai was a graduate having passed B.Sc. and STC. She was Head Mistress of Karachi’s Bherumal Thakurdas Girls School.
From the same roots: – Diwan Bajasingh, Diwan Lilaram and others.
‘The Source of Sindhi Surnames’ is a translation into English, by Mr. Narain Sobhraj Kimatrai from the original in Sindhi by Mr. Diwan Bherumal Mahirchand Advani